Computer Mouse computer mouse

Jimmy/ January 26, 2023/ computer mouse

Though less common, many mice instead have two-axis inputs such as a tiltable wheel, trackball, or touchpad. Those with a trackball may be designed to stay stationary, using the trackball instead of moving the mouse. Based on an even earlier trackball device, the mouse device had been developed by the company since 1966 in what had been a parallel and independent discovery. As the name suggests and unlike Engelbart’s mouse, the Telefunken model already had a ball (diameter 40 mm, weight 40 g) and two mechanical 4-bit rotational position transducers with Gray code-like states, allowing easy movement in any direction. The bits remained stable for at least two successive states to relax debouncing requirements. This arrangement was chosen so that the data could also be transmitted to the TR 86 front end process computer and over longer distance telex lines with c.

The popularity of wireless mice without cords makes the resemblance less obvious. Signals XA and XB in quadrature convey X-direction motion, while YA and YB convey Y-dimension motion; here the pointer is shown drawing a small curve. Inspired by PARC’s Alto, the Lilith, a computer which had been developed by a team around Niklaus Wirth at ETH Zürich between 1978 and 1980, provided a mouse as well. “Connect a Bluetooth device that does not have or require a transceiver”. Silicon Graphics SpaceBall model 1003 , allowing manipulation of objects with six degrees of freedom. The third marketed version of an integrated mouse shipped as a part of a computer and intended for personal computer navigation came with the Xerox 8010 Star in 1981.

Inertial And Gyroscopic Mice

When the ball was rolled, the pickup discs spun and contacts on their outer rim made periodic contact with wires, producing pulses of output with each movement of the ball. By counting the pulses, the physical movement of the ball could be determined. A digital computer calculated the tracks and sent the resulting data to other ships in a task force using pulse-code modulation radio signals. Modern computer mice took form at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne under the inspiration of Professor Jean-Daniel Nicoud and at the hands of engineer and watchmaker André Guignard.

  • Late-1980s era home computers such as the Amiga used this to allow computer games with two players interacting on the same computer .
  • This often restricts one from taking a game’s existing sensitivity, transferring it to another, and acquiring the same 360 rotational measurements.
  • Most optical and laser mice do not require a pad, the notable exception being early optical mice which relied on a grid on the pad to detect movement (e.g. Mouse Systems).

This driver provides the state of the buttons and the distance the mouse has moved in units that its documentation calls “mickeys”. As the name suggests, this type of mouse is intended to provide optimum comfort and avoid injuries such as carpal tunnel syndrome, arthritis, and other repetitive strain injuries. It is designed to fit natural hand position and movements, to reduce discomfort. Tablet digitizers are sometimes used with accessories called pucks, devices which rely on absolute positioning, but can be configured for sufficiently mouse-like relative tracking that they are sometimes marketed as mice. In 2000, Logitech introduced a “tactile mouse” known as the “iFeel Mouse” developed by Immersion Corporation that contained a small actuator to enable the mouse to generate simulated physical sensations. Such a mouse can augment user-interfaces with haptic feedback, such as giving feedback when crossing a window boundary.

FPSs naturally lend themselves to separate and simultaneous control of the player’s movement and aim, and on computers this has traditionally been achieved with a combination of keyboard and mouse. Players use the X-axis of the mouse for looking left and right, and the Y-axis for looking up and down; the keyboard is used for movement and supplemental inputs. Engelbart’s original mouse did not require a mousepad; the mouse had two large wheels which could roll on virtually any surface. However, most subsequent mechanical mice starting with the steel roller ball mouse have required a mousepad for optimal performance.

Tactile Mice

This wireless mouse was worn on a ring around a finger, which enabled the thumb to access three buttons. Despite a certain appeal, it was finally discontinued because it did not provide sufficient resolution. One roller detects the forward-backward motion of the mouse and the other the left-right motion. Opposite the two rollers is a third one that is spring-loaded to push the ball against the other two rollers. Each roller is on the same shaft as an encoder wheel that has slotted edges; the slots interrupt infrared light beams to generate electrical pulses that represent wheel movement. Each wheel’s disc has a pair of light beams, located so that a given beam becomes interrupted or again starts to pass light freely when the other beam of the pair is about halfway between changes.

However, the mouse remained relatively obscure until the appearance of the Macintosh 128K (which included an updated version of the single-button Lisa Mouse) in 1984, and of the Amiga 1000 and the Atari ST in 1985. After id Software’s commercial hit of Doom, which did not support vertical aiming, competitor Bungie’s Marathon became the first first-person shooter to support using the mouse to aim up and down. The “invert” feature actually made the mouse behave in a manner that users now regard as non-inverted . Soon after, id Software released Quake, which introduced the invert feature as users now know it.

Bill English, builder of Engelbart’s original mouse, created a ball mouse in 1972 while working for Xerox PARC. The plural for a computer mouse is either “mice” or “mouses” according to most dictionaries, with “mice” being more common. The first recorded plural usage is “mice”; the online Oxford Dictionaries cites a 1984 use, and earlier uses include J.

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